LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Sportswear giants Adidas and Nike - two of the main sponsors of the upcoming World Cup - must ensure workers in their Asian supplier factories are paid a fair wage as their share of the production cost dwindles, civil society groups said on Monday.The share of what Adidas and Nike spend on making a pair of shoes that goes into workers’ pockets has fallen since the early 1990s, said the Clean Nike Air Max 90 Femme Clothes Campaign (CCC), citing a shift in manufacturing from China to cheaper countries such as Indonesia.“The share of production costs of Nike and Adidas shoes that ends up in a worker’s Nike Air Max 90 Womens pocket is now a staggering 30 percent less than in the early 1990s (2.5 percent in 2017 for Nike shoes Nike Air Force 1 Damen compared with 4 percent in 1995),” the CCC said in a statement.“The brands decided to spend their money on football Nike Air Force 1 Mujer players rather than on the workers stitching their shirts and shoes.”Adidas and Nike, which are kitting out 22 of 32 teams at the football tournament in Russia that kicks off this week, have moved most of their sourcing to Indonesia, Cambodia and Vietnam, where wages are lower and labor abuses rife, the CCC said.

In the three nations, garment workers’ average salaries are 45 to 65 percent below the so-called “living wage” that would allow them to cover their families’ basic needs, said the global coalition of trade unions, Nike Air Huarache Mujer workers and human rights groups.U.S. brand Nike said its suppliers must pay their employees at Nike Air Max 90 Damen least the local minimum wage or prevailing wage, including premiums for overtime worked and legally mandated Nike Air Max 95 Femme benefits.“We remain invested in conversations with governments, manufacturers, NGOs, brands, unions, and factory workers to support long-lasting, systemic change,” a Nike spokeswoman said.Germany’s Adidas said it adhered to safe working conditions and fair wages throughout its supply chains, and obliged suppliers to pay at least the minimum wage required by law.“The average monthly take-home wage of production workers in the facilities Adidas works with Nike Air Presto Mujer in Indonesia is currently well above the current minimum wage,” an Adidas spokeswoman Nike Air Max 1 Mujer said.Much of Adidas’ and Nike’s sportswear is made in Indonesia, where 80 percent of workers Nike Air Max 2017 Femme in the garment sector are women and some make as little as 86 euros ($102) a month while others do not Nike Air Max Vision Womens earn the legal minimum wage, according to the CCC’s report.

Weekly wages should be enough to meet workers’ Nike Air Zoom Pegasus 35 Mens basic needs and afford them extra income to improve their lives in order to avoid them remaining “trapped in a cycle of poverty”, according to Martin Buttle of the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI).“Brands like Nike and Adidas need to take their responsibilities seriously ... and pay suppliers a fair price,” Buttle told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. “Failure to do that can often result in low pay and poor conditions,” he added.Having signed an Adidas Superstar Mujer agreement in 2011 on trade unions’ rights in Indonesia, Nike and Adidas should now follow Nike Air Pegasus 89 Damen up on their pledges to address job security and living wages, the CCC said。“This is a long standing Nike Air Max 90 Mujer problem of poverty level wages ... brands are squeezing the prices which then has an impact on the Nike Air Zoom Pegasus 34 Womens workers,” said Anannya Bhattacharjee of the Asia Floor Wage Alliance (AFWA), a group which represents garment Adidas ZX Flux Femme workers.